Death by a Thousand Cuts: How Positive Stereotypes Conceal Racial Violence

Michael C. Bush

Author

While positive stereotype initially promotes affirmative conduct towards another person, it can be a slippery slope down the dangerous path of perpetuating institutional racism. Stereotypes, although some benevolent, are mere labels for individuals based on a perception of their group which can affect personal and sometimes even societal decisions.

We stand in solidarity and support all who are working for the causes of justice and equality, as we continue to work to help build a more inclusive world for all. We invite you to read this words from our CEO.

-GPTW Philippines

Women are naturally warm and nurturing. 

Black men have greater athletic capabilities than other men. 

Asians are naturally smart.

These are all “positive stereotypes” we don’t often associate with racism and violence. In fact, some might say they’re a good thing. They are assumptions that have been woven into the fabric of our nation over time. They are reflected in the media,  government policies, education systems, and the workplace.

According to social psychologists, a “positive stereotype” refers to a subjectively favorable belief about a social group. Take the “model minority” stereotype, for example. This stereotype portrays Asian Americans as the “chosen ones,” and it attributes their success in America to assumptions about their capabilities.

To go further, it falsely claims that Asian Americans overcame discrimination in America through achieving higher socioeconomic status tied to superior cultural values, education, self-reliance and diligence.

The problem with this “positive stereotype” is that it erases the widespread, hate-fueled violence Asian Americans have experienced throughout history and continue to experience today. It also undermines the AAPI community’s resilience and reduces this resilience to assumptions about their ability to assimilate.

It is not that positive stereotypes lead to race-based violence directly. Positive stereotypes act to further silence marginalized groups, making it more difficult for them to identify critical support or seek justice.

As we have seen in the past year and throughout history, it is the act of silencing vulnerable populations and the lack of critical truth-telling by those in power that leads to death.

Why there’s no such thing as a positive stereotype

All stereotypes are rooted in fear, created by a dominant group to manipulate others and maintain power. Post-World War II, as the Civil Rights Movement grew, those in power were threatened by the possibility that those who have been historically subjugated would unify.

In fact, that’s exactly what was happening. The model minority myth was born out of a politically polarizing time and has since been used to drive a wedge between various marginalized communities.

Positive stereotypes are not rooted in truth. While the group associated with these sentiments might initially feel a sense of acknowledgment and belonging, their feelings will shift as they become aware of these stereotypes’ role in perpetuating institutionalized racism.

While they might feel better when they look down, they won’t feel better when they look up. Eventually, they’ll find that there are no benefits of safety based on proximity to the top. They still face discrimination and persecution even though society falsely insists they have overcome it.

They’re still absent from executive suites, senior management roles, board rooms and elected positions of power.

We stand in solidarity

After decades of discrimination against Asian Americans, we are seeing something that was not commonplace in 2019 and prior: a massive wave of solidarity statements.

The dual-threat of COVID-19 and racism continue to expose both our ugly roots, and the long journey we must take in order to get to where we need to be as a society. In these incredibly painful times, we’d be remiss to remain ignorant.

We must address head-on our propensity to frame any falsehood as truth as an attempt at upholding the status quo of power and privilege and the structures that support it.

Leaders have asked me what they can do now to bring their people together. Here is what I’ve recommended:

How to support Asian colleagues amid racial violence in America

  1. Let all of your people know that you see this racism and violence and stand against it. Take time to talk about it, learn about it, and stay on point with the topic until it stops
  2. Create safe spaces where all employees can come together voluntarily to brainstorm what the organization can do to support its people
  3. After #2, ask people what they think the organization can do in the community to stem this violence
  4. If you have Employee Resource Groups, ask all of them for ideas on how to address points 2 and 3
  5. Communicate clearly that you will dedicate time and resources to support all of your people who need support during this time. Open the door for all to come together. I’m certain you have a lot of people who want this senselessness to end

As we stand in solidarity with our Asian American communities and will work to stop the racist violence and insidious harassment that has been plaguing the AAPI community for far too long. We will work together to eliminate the structure of dominance entirely and replace it with a more equitable and fairer one.

We know it will take much more than solidarity statements against anti-Asian American violence to alleviate the pain within the community. Business plays a key role and has a huge stake in this cause. As the driver of capitalism, their power and influence fuel the economic engine. Together, we can make sure the economic engine is a force for good, For All.

As a commitment to our community, Great Place to Work supports Asian Health Services, an Oakland-based health agency founded in 1974 to provide health, social, and advocacy services for all regardless of income, insurance status, immigration status, language, or culture and is a fiscal sponsor for the Oakland Chinatown Ambassador Program & Victims Fund.

We encourage you all to find ways to support organizations making a direct impact in your communities around anti-Asian violence and harassment. Learn More.

Michael C. Bush

Author

Great Place To Work identifies Best Workplaces™ in Asia by surveying over 1 million employees in Asia and the Middle East about the key factors that create great workplaces for all and analyzing company workplace programs impacting over 4.7 million employees in the region.

To be considered, companies must first be identified as outstanding in their local region by appearing on one or more of our Best Workplaces lists in Greater China (including China, Hong Kong and Taiwan), India, Indonesia, Japan, Kuwait, Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, UAE, Vietnam during 2021 or early 2022.

Companies rank in three size categories: Small and Medium (10-499 employees); Large (500+); and Multinational. Multinational organizations are also assessed on their efforts to create great workplaces across multiple countries in the region. They must appear on at least two national lists in Asia and the Middle East and have at least 1,000 employees worldwide with at least 40% (or 5,000) of those employees located outside the headquarters country.

Great Place To Work identifies Best Workplaces in Asia™ by surveying 2.1 million employees in Asia and the Middle East about the key factors that create great workplaces for all and analyzing company workplace programs impacting 5.9 million employees in the region.

To be considered, companies must first be identified as outstanding in their local region by appearing on one or more of our Best Workplaces lists in Bahrain, Greater China (including China, Hong Kong and Taiwan), India, Indonesia, Japan, Kuwait, Oman, Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, UAE, Vietnam during 2022 or early 2023.

Companies rank in three size categories: Small and Medium (10-499 employees); Large (500+); and Multinational. Multinational organizations are also assessed on their efforts to create great workplaces across multiple countries in the region. They must appear on at least two national lists in Asia and the Middle East and have at least 1,000 employees worldwide with at least 40% (or 5,000+) of those employees located outside the headquarters country.

For All™ Methodology

Great Place To Work, the global authority on workplace culture, determined the Philippines Best Workplaces™ 2023 List by conducting annual workforce studies through our Trust Index Survey™ and Culture Management platform Emprising®, representing the voices of over 450,000 employees across the Philippines.

Employees responded to over 60 survey questions describing the extent to which their organization creates a great place to work For All™, meaning that the company empowers all individuals to reach their full human potential. Eighty-five percent of the evaluation is based on what employees report about their experiences of trust and reaching their full human potential as part of their organization, no matter who they are or what they do. We analyze these experiences relative to each organization’s size, workforce makeup, and what’s typical in their industry and region. The remainder of the evaluation is an assessment of all employees’ daily experiences of the company’s values, people’s ability to contribute new ideas, and the effectiveness of their leaders to ensure they’re consistently experienced.

To ensure surveys truly represent all employees, we require enough people in each organization to respond that results are accurate to a 95% confidence level and 5% margin of error or better. We review any anomalies in survey responses, news, and financial performance to ensure there aren’t any extraordinary reasons to believe we couldn’t trust a company’s survey results.

For All™ Methodology

Great Place to Work, the global authority on workplace culture, determined the Philippines Best Workplaces™ 2022 List by conducting annual workforce studies through our Trust Index Survey™ and Culture Management platform Emprising®, representing the voices of over 130,000 employees across the Philippines.

Employees responded to over 60 survey questions describing the extent to which their organization creates a great place to work For All™, meaning that the company empowers all individuals to reach their full human potential. Eighty-five percent of the evaluation is based on what employees report about their experiences of trust and reaching their full human potential as part of their organization, no matter who they are or what they do. We analyze these experiences relative to each organization’s size, workforce makeup, and what’s typical in their industry and region. The remainder of the evaluation is an assessment of all employees’ daily experiences of the company’s values, people’s ability to contribute new ideas, and the effectiveness of their leaders to ensure they’re consistently experienced.

To ensure surveys truly represent all employees, we require enough people in each organization to respond that results are accurate to a 95% confidence level and 5% margin of error or better. We review any anomalies in survey responses, news, and financial performance to ensure there aren’t any extraordinary reasons to believe we couldn’t trust a company’s survey results.

Categories:
These organizations’ assessment is based 100% on employee responses to the Trust Index survey.

  • Small 10-99 Employees

For larger organizations with more than 100 employees, we also use our Culture Audit™ tool, asking organizations to share with us their practices, policies, and programs to create a great workplace For All™ and evaluate the approach they take.

  • Medium 100-999 Employees
  • Large 1000+ Employees

Why do you say in one place your national list scoring is based on 85%/15% and in another place that it is 75%/25%?

We are explaining two different things:
1.  The criteria we evaluate

  •  85% concerned with Trust and Maximizing Human Potential and
  • 15% concerned with everything else

2.  Where the data comes from

  • 100% Trust Index for organizations with less than 100 employees
  • 75% based on the Trust Index survey analytics and 25% based on responses to the Culture Audit for organizations with more than 100 employees.
For All™ Methodology

Great Place To Work, the global authority on workplace culture, determined the Philippines Best Workplaces™ 2023 List by conducting annual workforce studies through our Trust Index Survey™ and Culture Management platform Emprising®, representing the voices of over 450,000 employees across the Philippines.

Employees responded to over 60 survey questions describing the extent to which their organization creates a great place to work For All™, meaning that the company empowers all individuals to reach their full human potential. Eighty-five percent of the evaluation is based on what employees report about their experiences of trust and reaching their full human potential as part of their organization, no matter who they are or what they do. We analyze these experiences relative to each organization’s size, workforce makeup, and what’s typical in their industry and region. The remainder of the evaluation is an assessment of all employees’ daily experiences of the company’s values, people’s ability to contribute new ideas, and the effectiveness of their leaders to ensure they’re consistently experienced.

To ensure surveys truly represent all employees, we require enough people in each organization to respond that results are accurate to a 95% confidence level and 5% margin of error or better. We review any anomalies in survey responses, news, and financial performance to ensure there aren’t any extraordinary reasons to believe we couldn’t trust a company’s survey results.

Categories:
These organizations’ assessment is based 100% on employee responses to the Trust Index survey.

  • Small 10-99 Employees

For larger organizations with more than 100 employees, we also use our Culture Audit™ tool, asking organizations to share with us their practices, policies, and programs to create a great workplace For All™ and evaluate the approach they take.

  • Medium 100-999 Employees
  • Large 1000+ Employees